cin|cho|na

cin|cho|na
cin|cho|na «sihn KOH nuh», noun.
1. an evergreen tree native to the Andes Mountains, now also known in the East Indies, India, and tropical America. It is valuable for its bark. Cinchonas belong to the madder family
2. its bitter bark, from which quinine and other drugs are obtained; Peruvian bark. Also, chinchona.
[< New Latin Chinchona (named by Linnaeus) < the Countess of Chinchón or Cinchón, wife of a Spanish viceroy of Peru, who introduced the bark in Europe]

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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  • cin|cho|nine — «SIHN kuh neen, nihn», noun. an alkaloid obtained from species of cinchona or allied plants, resembling quinine in action, but weaker. Its crystals are a different shape from those of cinchonidine and it has a slightly higher melting point.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • cin|cho|nism — «SIHN kuh nihz uhm», noun. the disordered condition produced by the excessive use of quinine or cinchona, characterized by ringing in the ears, deafness, and giddiness …   Useful english dictionary

  • cin|cho|nize — «SIHN kuh nyz», transitive verb, nized, niz|ing. 1. to impregnate or treat with quinine. 2. to cause cinchonism in …   Useful english dictionary

  • cin|cho|phen — «SIHN kuh fuhn», noun. a highly toxic synthetic drug, used to relieve fever and pain, especially in gout and rheumatism; Atophan. Formula: C16H11NO2 ╂[< cincho(nine) + phen(yl)] …   Useful english dictionary

  • cin — cin·cha; cin·cho·caine; cin·cho·loi·pon; cin·cho·me·ron·ic; cin·cho·na; cin·chon·a·mine; cin·chon·i·cine; cin·chon·i·dine; cin·cho·nine; cin·cho·nin·ic; cin·cho·nism; cin·cho·nize; cin·cho·nol·o·gy; cin·cho·phen; cin·cho·tine; cin·cho·tox·ine;… …   English syllables

  • cho — ace·tyl·cho·line; ace·tyl·cho·lin·esterase; am·ni·o·cho·ri·on; an·cho·ress; an·cho·rit·ess; an·cho·rit·ic; an·cho·rit·ism; an·cho·veta; an·cho·vy; an·gi·o·cho·li·tis; an·ti·cho·lin·es·ter·ase; ar·cho·plasm; ar·cho·sau·ria; au·tar·cho·glos·sa;… …   English syllables

  • suc|cin|yl|cho|line — «SUHK suh nuhl KOL een, KOH leen», a white, odorless crystalline powder, used to relax the muscles in surgery; scoline: »Anesthetists commonly infuse succinylcholine by vein (Sumner M. Kalman). Formula: C14H30Cl2N2O4•2H2O …   Useful english dictionary

  • cinchona — cin·cho·na …   English syllables

  • Cinchona — Cin|cho|na 〈[tsıntʃo:na] f.; s, nen〉 = Chinarinde [nach der Gemahlin des Grafen Cinchon, Vizekönig von Peru im 17. Jh.] * * * Cin|cho|na [sɪn t̮ʃo:na ], die; , …nen [port. cinchona, nach der Gemahlin des Grafen Cinchón, Vizekönig von Peru (17. Jh …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cinchonidine — cin·cho·ni·dine kän ə .dēn, kō nə , chō nə n a bitter crystalline alkaloid C19H22N2O stereoisomeric with cinchonine that is found in cinchona bark and used like quinine * * * cin·cho·ni·dine (sin koґnĭ dēn) an alkaloid of cinchona, used …   Medical dictionary

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